Soap can be made with a variety of different ingredients and can be created by employing as well as utilizing diverse methods and techniques.  As there are countless ways of making soap, each of which have their own advantages and disadvantages, you can produce handmade soaps for sale with different forms and consistencies ranging from solid soap bars (soaps that are hard and firm), whipped bars (soaps that are solid while light and airy), liquid soap, and cream like form. This article explores the best soap making methods and techniques for beginners as well as experts. Let the fun begin!

Melt and Pour

Soap bars can be made with various different practices; we find the easiest method to be the “Melt and Pour”. This technique employs a pre-made soap base, which is melted and can be mixed with your choice of oils, scent, color, or any other ingredient or supplement that you wish to include.  No need to handle the lye (a potent chemical that can cause severe burns or rashes to the skin if mishandled) as this step has already been completed (keep in mind that as this step has been completed for safety reasons and therefore limits you from fully customizing and personalizing your soap).

The Cold Process

The Cold Process (CP) method begins with pouring the lye into water or milk (wait for the lye to dissolve into a liquid base form). Next, you will need to heat your solid oils (like cocoa butter or animal fats) and any other additive that you would like to include in your soap.

Once both of these steps are completed, mix and blend the lye solution with the oils until the solution transforms into a thick like form. Next, pour the solutions into molds.  

The Hot Process

The Hot Process (HP) technique requires the same steps as the CP and CPOP method; such that the necessary ingredients are combined and the mixture is blended until the solution thickens. As the soap boils, the water evaporates resulting in the soap mixture to transform into a neutral product (this is identified by chemists as the saponification process). Next, the solution needs to be poured into the mold as well as sit for 24 hours. Once the 24 hours have passed, slice the mold into separate pieces and let it sit for about 2 to 3 weeks. This gives the soap enough time to dry out and harden.

There are many ways to make handmade soaps for sale, but at Falls River Soap Company we favor the cold-process methods.